The H.P. Lovecraft Wiki
The H.P. Lovecraft Wiki
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Tag: Source edit
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==Prose==
 
==Prose==
 
{{Main|Cthulhu Mythos in Popular Culture: Prose}}
 
{{Main|Cthulhu Mythos in Popular Culture: Prose}}
*''The Hanging Stranger'', a short horror story by [[Philip K. Dick]], features extra-dimensional insectoids which physically take over humans leaving only a thin covering of skin, while generating an illusion of normal humanity. The invasion by a race of monsters from beyond, who travel to Earth through a dark portal, must surely be consdered as Mythos adjacent, at least.
+
*'''''The Hanging Stranger''''', a short horror story by [[Philip K. Dick]], features extra-dimensional insectoids which physically take over humans leaving only a thin covering of skin, while generating an illusion of normal humanity. The invasion by a race of monsters from beyond, who travel to Earth through a dark portal, must surely be consdered as Mythos adjacent, at least.
*''Barlowe's Guide to Extraterrestrials'' (Wayne Barlowe) [[Elder Thing|Elder Things]] (as Old Ones) were one of the species detailed, it retcons that the Elder Things' wings, instead of propelling them through the aether (a concept that had been discredited since Lovecraft's time), were foils that utilized solar wind, essentially transforming them into solar sails. The appearance of them in the ''Guide'' was later used in the supplemental materials that came with ''Dark Adventure Radio Theatre: At the Mountains of Madness''.
+
*'''''Barlowe's Guide to Extraterrestrials''''' (Wayne Barlowe) [[Elder Thing|Elder Things]] (as Old Ones) were one of the species detailed, it retcons that the Elder Things' wings, instead of propelling them through the aether (a concept that had been discredited since Lovecraft's time), were foils that utilized solar wind, essentially transforming them into solar sails. The appearance of them in the ''Guide'' was later used in the supplemental materials that came with ''Dark Adventure Radio Theatre: At the Mountains of Madness''.
*''Strange Eons'' (1986-1990;H. P. Lovecraft Historical Society)
+
*'''''Strange Eons''''' (1986-1990;H. P. Lovecraft Historical Society)
*''The Spirit of Revision - Lovecraft's Letters to Zealia Brown Reed Bishop'' (2015; H. P. Lovecraft Historical Society)
 
 
*''A Shoggoth on the Roof Libretto'' (2005; H. P. Lovecraft Historical Society)
 
*''A Shoggoth on the Roof Libretto'' (2005; H. P. Lovecraft Historical Society)
 
*Miskatonic University Monographs (H. P. Lovecraft Historical Society)
 
*Miskatonic University Monographs (H. P. Lovecraft Historical Society)
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**''The Curious Sea Shanty Variants of Innsmouth, Mass.''
 
**''The Curious Sea Shanty Variants of Innsmouth, Mass.''
 
* "To Mars and Providence" from ''War of the Worlds: Global Dispatches'' equated the Elder Things with the Martians from ''The War of the Worlds''.
 
* "To Mars and Providence" from ''War of the Worlds: Global Dispatches'' equated the Elder Things with the Martians from ''The War of the Worlds''.
* ''[[A Colder War]]'' (1997; Charles Stross) the technology of the Elder Things (who are referred to by the CIA as "Predecessors") is central to the plot, and Stephen Jay Gould examines the remains of one. Leng is mentioned by an Iranian agent.
 
 
* ''The Atrocity Archives'' (Charles Stross) novel, it is implied that mutated and devolved descendants of the Elder Things, now little more than starfishes, inhabit the coast of England, off of Dunwich. It is also mentioned that one of the bases of the British Antarctic Survey is located over an Elder Thing city and is secretly involved in exploring it.
 
* ''The Atrocity Archives'' (Charles Stross) novel, it is implied that mutated and devolved descendants of the Elder Things, now little more than starfishes, inhabit the coast of England, off of Dunwich. It is also mentioned that one of the bases of the British Antarctic Survey is located over an Elder Thing city and is secretly involved in exploring it.
 
* "Pimpf" (Charles Stross) short story, the "Language of Leng" is inserted into the programming code of ''Neverwinter Nights'' in order to ensnare the souls of players.
 
* "Pimpf" (Charles Stross) short story, the "Language of Leng" is inserted into the programming code of ''Neverwinter Nights'' in order to ensnare the souls of players.
 
*'''''The Keep''''' (F. Paul Wilson): ''[[De Vermis Mysteriis]]'' appears in the novel
* "The Adventure of the Six Silver Spiders" (1950; August Derleth) short story includes ''De Vermis Mysteriis'' among a group of Cthulhu Mythos volumes discovered in a book catalog by his detective character Solar Pons--though in the context of the story, all the books turn out to be fictional.
 
 
* "[[The Black Tome of Alsophocus|'''The Black Tome of Alsophocus''']]" (1969) first published in ''[[New Tales of the Cthulhu Mythos]]'' is an attempt by Martin S. Warnes to complete "[[The Book]]". Warnes turns the fragment into a tale of possession by [[Nyarlathotep]].
* ''The Thing That Walked on the Wind (''August Derleth) short story, two characters claim to be have been taken "...to Leng, lost Leng, hidden Leng, whence sprung Wind-Walker."
 
 
* "'''Nine Drowned Churches'''" (Harry Turtledove) is set in [[Dunwich, Massachusetts|Dunwich]], England, which is eerily similar to the town in "[[The Dunwich Horror]]," right down to the family names, and the protagonist is aware of the events of this story.
* ''The Keep'' (F. Paul Wilson) "De Vermis Mysteriis" appears in the novel
 
 
* "[[The Silence of Erika Zann|'''The Silence of Erika Zann''']]" (1976; James Wade): a sequel to "[[The Music of Erich Zann]]" first published in ''[[The Disciples of Cthulhu]]''.
* "The Black Tome of Alsophocus" (1969) first published in ''New Tales of the Cthulhu Mythos'' is an attempt by Martin S. Warnes to complete "The Book". Warnes turns the fragment into a tale of possession by Nyarlathotep.
 
 
* "'''[[Herbert West, Reanimated]]'''" (1989; [[Robert M. Price|Robert Price]] & others) for ''[[Crypt of Cthulhu]]'' #64, written as a round-robin serial was a sort of sequel in which Sir Eric Moreland Chapman-Lee resurrects and reassembles [[Herbert West|Dr. West]], who then escapes, kills and resurrects his assistant and resumes his increasingly wild experiments with life & death, leading to mind-transfers & cloning.
* "Nine Drowned Churches" (Harry Turtledove) is set in Dunwich, England, which is eerily similar to the town in "The Dunwich Horror," right down to the family names, and the protagonist is aware of the events of this story.
 
* "The Silence of Erika Zann" (1976; James Wade) a sequel to Music of Erich Zann first published in ''The Disciples of Cthulhu''.
 
* "Herbert West, Reanimated" (1989; Robert Price & others) for ''Crypt of Cthulhu'' #64, written as a round-robin serial was a sort of sequel in which Sir Eric Moreland Chapman-Lee resurrects and reassembles Dr. West, who then escapes, kills and resurrects his assistant and resumes his increasingly wild experiments with life & death, leading to mind-transfers & cloning.
 
 
* ''Doctor Who'' novels
 
* ''Doctor Who'' novels
 
** ''The Taking of Planet 5'' (Simon Bucher-Jones and Mark Clapham) is set in the Elder Thing city, though it is a fictional construct based explicitly on ''At The Mountains Of Madness''. The Elder Things are featured here.
 
** ''The Taking of Planet 5'' (Simon Bucher-Jones and Mark Clapham) is set in the Elder Thing city, though it is a fictional construct based explicitly on ''At The Mountains Of Madness''. The Elder Things are featured here.
* "Only the End of the World Again" (1994; Neil Gaiman) short story, Leng Avenue is a street in Innsmouth.
+
* "'''Only the End of the World Again'''" (1994; [[Neil Gaiman]]) short story, [[Plateau of Leng|Leng]] Avenue is a street in [[Innsmouth]].
* "Shoggoth's Old Peculiar" (1998; Neil Gaiman) The short story parody contains many similarities to "The Shadow over Innsmouth": a student visits the coastal town of Innsmouth (in England rather than New England), he gets to talking to two drunks (parodies of Peter Cook and Dudley Moore), he sees horrors in the water, he passes out.
+
* "'''Shoggoth's Old Peculiar'''" (1998; Neil Gaiman) The short story parody contains many similarities to "[[The Shadow Over Innsmouth]]": a student visits the coastal town of [[Innsmouth]] (in England rather than New England), he gets to talking to two drunks (parodies of Peter Cook and Dudley Moore), he sees horrors in the water, he passes out.
* The Courtyard (Alan Moore) used references to "The Horror at Red Hook"
+
*'''''The Courtyard''''' (Alan Moore): used references to "[[The Horror at Red Hook]]".
* "The Adventure of the Death-Fetch" (Darrell Schweitzer) short story, featured in the anthology ''The Improbable Adventures of Sherlock Holmes'', a mystery revolves around an expedition to the Plateau of Leng.
+
* "'''The Adventure of the Death-Fetch'''" ([[Darrell Schweitzer]]): a short story featured in the anthology ''The Improbable Adventures of Sherlock Holmes'', a mystery revolves around an expedition to the [[Plateau of Leng]].
* "I, Cthulhu" (Neil Gaiman) The short story features a human slave/biographer referred to only as Whateley, possibly in reference to one of the characters in "The Dunwich Horror".
+
* "'''[[I, Cthulhu]]'''" ([[Neil Gaiman]]): a short story features a human slave/biographer referred to only as Whateley, possibly in reference to one of the characters in "[[The Dunwich Horror]]".
* "Soho Golem" (Kim Newman) Richard Jeperson short story, an occultist and priest of Nyarlathotep holds the noble title "Lord Leaves of Leng".
+
* "'''[[Soho Golem]]'''" ([[Kim Newman]]): Richard Jeperson short story, an occultist and priest of [[Nyarlathotep]] holds the noble title "Lord Leaves of [[Plateau of Leng|Leng]]".
 
* ''Merkabah Rider'' series (Edward M. Erdelac) The final book ''Once Upon A Time In The Weird West'', features the elder Whateley.
 
* ''Merkabah Rider'' series (Edward M. Erdelac) The final book ''Once Upon A Time In The Weird West'', features the elder Whateley.
 
* "Boojum" (Elizabeth Bear and Sarah Monette), short story, features a living, sentient space ship (a Boojum) named "Lavinia Whateley" by her pirate crew.
 
* "Boojum" (Elizabeth Bear and Sarah Monette), short story, features a living, sentient space ship (a Boojum) named "Lavinia Whateley" by her pirate crew.

Revision as of 21:11, 13 October 2021

This subject is written on a topic in the real world and reflects factual information. H. P. Lovecraft and the Cthulhu Mythos have had a significant influence on later works in a wide variety of media. The following is a non-comprehensive list of works that, while not direct adaptations of Lovecraft's works, contain references, allusions or themes that have their origin with Lovecraft, or appear likely to have been inspired by his fiction.

Film & Television

Main article: Cthulhu Mythos in Popular Culture: Film & Television

Prose

Main article: Cthulhu Mythos in Popular Culture: Prose
  • The Hanging Stranger, a short horror story by Philip K. Dick, features extra-dimensional insectoids which physically take over humans leaving only a thin covering of skin, while generating an illusion of normal humanity. The invasion by a race of monsters from beyond, who travel to Earth through a dark portal, must surely be consdered as Mythos adjacent, at least.
  • Barlowe's Guide to Extraterrestrials (Wayne Barlowe) Elder Things (as Old Ones) were one of the species detailed, it retcons that the Elder Things' wings, instead of propelling them through the aether (a concept that had been discredited since Lovecraft's time), were foils that utilized solar wind, essentially transforming them into solar sails. The appearance of them in the Guide was later used in the supplemental materials that came with Dark Adventure Radio Theatre: At the Mountains of Madness.
  • Strange Eons (1986-1990;H. P. Lovecraft Historical Society)
  • A Shoggoth on the Roof Libretto (2005; H. P. Lovecraft Historical Society)
  • Miskatonic University Monographs (H. P. Lovecraft Historical Society)
    • Archeological Interpretations of Myth Patterns in the Iconography of the Codex Beltrán-Escavy
    • The Curious Sea Shanty Variants of Innsmouth, Mass.
  • "To Mars and Providence" from War of the Worlds: Global Dispatches equated the Elder Things with the Martians from The War of the Worlds.
  • The Atrocity Archives (Charles Stross) novel, it is implied that mutated and devolved descendants of the Elder Things, now little more than starfishes, inhabit the coast of England, off of Dunwich. It is also mentioned that one of the bases of the British Antarctic Survey is located over an Elder Thing city and is secretly involved in exploring it.
  • "Pimpf" (Charles Stross) short story, the "Language of Leng" is inserted into the programming code of Neverwinter Nights in order to ensnare the souls of players.
  • The Keep (F. Paul Wilson): De Vermis Mysteriis appears in the novel
  • "The Black Tome of Alsophocus" (1969) first published in New Tales of the Cthulhu Mythos is an attempt by Martin S. Warnes to complete "The Book". Warnes turns the fragment into a tale of possession by Nyarlathotep.
  • "Nine Drowned Churches" (Harry Turtledove) is set in Dunwich, England, which is eerily similar to the town in "The Dunwich Horror," right down to the family names, and the protagonist is aware of the events of this story.
  • "The Silence of Erika Zann" (1976; James Wade): a sequel to "The Music of Erich Zann" first published in The Disciples of Cthulhu.
  • "Herbert West, Reanimated" (1989; Robert Price & others) for Crypt of Cthulhu #64, written as a round-robin serial was a sort of sequel in which Sir Eric Moreland Chapman-Lee resurrects and reassembles Dr. West, who then escapes, kills and resurrects his assistant and resumes his increasingly wild experiments with life & death, leading to mind-transfers & cloning.
  • Doctor Who novels
    • The Taking of Planet 5 (Simon Bucher-Jones and Mark Clapham) is set in the Elder Thing city, though it is a fictional construct based explicitly on At The Mountains Of Madness. The Elder Things are featured here.
  • "Only the End of the World Again" (1994; Neil Gaiman) short story, Leng Avenue is a street in Innsmouth.
  • "Shoggoth's Old Peculiar" (1998; Neil Gaiman) The short story parody contains many similarities to "The Shadow Over Innsmouth": a student visits the coastal town of Innsmouth (in England rather than New England), he gets to talking to two drunks (parodies of Peter Cook and Dudley Moore), he sees horrors in the water, he passes out.
  • The Courtyard (Alan Moore): used references to "The Horror at Red Hook".
  • "The Adventure of the Death-Fetch" (Darrell Schweitzer): a short story featured in the anthology The Improbable Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, a mystery revolves around an expedition to the Plateau of Leng.
  • "I, Cthulhu" (Neil Gaiman): a short story features a human slave/biographer referred to only as Whateley, possibly in reference to one of the characters in "The Dunwich Horror".
  • "Soho Golem" (Kim Newman): Richard Jeperson short story, an occultist and priest of Nyarlathotep holds the noble title "Lord Leaves of Leng".
  • Merkabah Rider series (Edward M. Erdelac) The final book Once Upon A Time In The Weird West, features the elder Whateley.
  • "Boojum" (Elizabeth Bear and Sarah Monette), short story, features a living, sentient space ship (a Boojum) named "Lavinia Whateley" by her pirate crew.
  • Kraken (China Mieville), novel, the plot revolves around a preserved specimen of a giant squid, revered as a god by a doomsday cult. This echoes Cthulhu and his cult, which also is focused on the end of the world.
  • Whisper in the Dark (Joseph Bruchac), children's horror novel, has an albino homicidal serial killer named Wilbur Whatley that decapitated his own parents and was afraid of dogs.
  • Prey (Graham Masterton) adapts the story and characters of "The Dreams in the Witch-House".
  • The Fisherman (John Langan)
  • Revival (Stephen King)
  • Jerusalem's Lot (Stephen King) De Vermis Mysteriis is featured
  • N (Stephen King)
  • Stephen King's It. The monster the novel is about is an abomination of space capable of changing its appearance and with cannibalistic tendencies. These features are strongly influenced by the author's fondness for cosmic horror.
  • Storm of the Century (Stephen King)
  • Exham Priory is mentioned in The New Traveller's Almanac and "The Adventure of Exham Priory".
  • "Crouch End" (Stephen King) short story, features the name spelled "Nyarlahotep".
  • The Stand and Dark Tower series of books (Stephen King), the character Randall Flagg was known (among many other names) as Nyarlathotep.
    • The Dark Tower VII: The Dark Tower, a fictional version of King himself mentions Nyarlathotep.
  • Needful Things (Stephen King), Mr. Gaunt gives Ace Merrill some cocaine said to be fabricated in "the plains of Leng", though no other explanations are given. The novel also contains other references to Lovecraft's work.
  • The Eyes of the Dragon (Stephen King) Leng is mentioned again in the novel, where it is described as the place where Flagg's spellbook was written, by a man named Alhazred. This implies that Flagg's spellbook is the Necronomicon itself.
  • Cthulhu Cycle Deities Novels (Brian Lumley) the plains of Leng are supposed to be located in Earth's dreamland
  • The Wrath of the Grinning Ghost (Brad Strickland) children's horror, used Nyarlathotep as the main antagonist
  • The Laundry Files novels (Charles Stross)
    • The Jennifer Morgue the occult branch of the American intelligence community, code-named "Black Chamber", is headquartered in Arkham. Features an electronic device known as a "Tillinghast resonator", which allows the user to see otherwise invisible entities, referencing "From Beyond".
    • The Jennifer Morgue, The Fuller Memorandum, The Apocalypse Codex and The Rhesus Chart one of the characters has a violin made by an "Erich Zahn" which is made from human bones and, when played, eats the soul of the intended victim.
  • "Paappana, nó Ceol Erkki Santanen" from Panu Petteri Höglund's collection of Irish Cthulhu stories An Leabhar Nimhe, several allusions to Erich Zann such as the name of the protagonist, Erkki Santanen.
  • Where is my Shoggoth? A children's book
  • "The Genetics Lecture" (Harry Turtledove) Nyarlathotep is a student in the short story
  • The Book of the SubGenius briefly mentions an entity called "Nyardim Thothep"
  • Pulp novelist Barry Reese uses Nyarlathotep in several of his Rook Universe stories. Nyarlathotep appears in "Kingdom of Blood" and "The Gasping Death". Nyarlathotep also appears under the guise Mr. Blackman in the short story "The Great Work" which was printed in both Thrilling Adventures and the fifth edition of Startling Stories
  • A Night in the Lonesome October (Roger Zelazny) Nyarlathotep and other gods are referred to and are part of the main plot.
  • The Arcanum, in the novel a case involving Nyarlathotep and a witch cult in Arkham is said to have been solved by Lovecraft himself.
  • Johannes Cabal: The Fear Institute (Jonathan L. Howard) Nyarlathotep appears in the novel as a main antagonist, in the guise of Fear Institute member Gardner Bose.
  • The Atrocity Archives, a philosopher is attracted to Arkham due to the "unique library" there.
  • Fear (L Ron Hubbard)
  • "Leng" (Marc Laidlaw) short story, first printed in the anthology Lovecraft Unbound, Leng is a remote plateau in Tibet where the monks of a lone monastery serve what appears to be an ancient underground fungus and possible hive mind, similar to Ophiocordyceps sinensis, but which infects humans.
  • Shadows over Baker Street
  • "A Study in Emerald" (Neil Gaiman) - Available for free on his site as well as an audio book read by Gaiman.
  • Horus Heresy book series, Book 10 Tales of Heresy, "Blood Games" (Dan Abnett) short story of the collection, the "Hall of Leng" is mentioned. It is described as a location within the Imperial Palace on Terra (Earth).
  • "Voluntary Committal" (Joe Hill) novella collected in 20th Century Ghosts, the song lyrics "The ants go marching two-by-two, They walked across the Leng plateau".
  • "Saga of the Renunciates" (Marion Zimmer Bradley), a character refers to a road that goes "across the Plateau of Leng" being "impassable and haunted by monsters"
  • A Song Of Ice and Fire (George R. R. Martin) has Lovecraftian hints in its lore.
    • The Black Goat of Qohor is a nod to Shub-Niggurath, the Black Goat of the Woods with a Thousand Young.
    • The Drowned God is a nod to Cthulhu and Dagon.
    • Citizens of Carcosa are said to exhibit fish-like physical features much like those of the townsfolk in The Shadow Over Innsmouth
    • The Many Faces and Nyarlathotep
    • Martin published a short story pitting Jaime against Cthulhu on his blog.
  • Arkham Tales (2006) Arkham is the setting for all of the stories in the anthology published by Chaosium.
  • Haiyore! Nyaruko-san (2009-2012) A series of light novels in Japan about Nyarlathotep, amassing 9 volumes by 2012.
  • The Friendship of Mortals (2010; Audrey Driscoll) is a novel that expands on Herbert West. Driscoll's primary focus is the relationship between West and the narrator, who is neither nameless nor a physician, but a Miskatonic University librarian named Charles Milburn. The plot roughly follows the original, but adheres to the premise that West is undone by his experiments.
  • Magical Girl Lulu R'lyeh Nyarlathotep appears in the guise of Megumi Urushiharao, an air-headed Japanese teacher.
  • "At the Mountains of Murkiness" (Arthur C. Clarke) parody reprinted in George Locke's collection of the same name.
  • Forever Azathoth and Other Horrors collection of Lovecraft parodies
    • "Scream for Jeeves" (Peter Cannon) combines Lovecraft with P. G. Wodehouse
  • The Illuminatus! Trilogy Arkham appears in several scenes. It is mentioned that the Arkham Police Department often has to deal with local cults and disappearing professors from Miskatonic. Leng is mentioned as being the home of an order of cannibal priests.
    • The Golden Apple (1975; Robert Shea and Robert Anton Wilson) book two, Tsathoggua made a cameo where he was also referred to as Saint Toad.
  • The Manitou (1976; Graham Masterton) reuses Misquamacus, a character from HPL: "Of Evill Sorceries Done in New England, of Daemons in No Humane Shape" and AWD: The Lurker at the Threshold. Supposedly, the auhtor discovered the names from a comic instead.
  • "Maureen Birnbaum at the Looming Awfulness" (George Alec Effinger) parody
  • The Light Fantastic and Moving Pictures (Terry Pratchett) parody
  • "Pickman's Modem" (Lawrence Watt-Evans) parody
  • "Cthulhublanca" (Howard Waldrop as M. M. Moamrath) parody
  • Samurai Cat (Mark E. Rogers) spoofs the Cthulhu mythos.
  • Hastur Pusssycat! Kill! Kill! (Michael Huyck Jr.) combines Lovecraft with Russ Meyer's trash-cinema classic Faster Pussycat! Kill! Kill!.
  • "There Are More Things" (Borges) is dedicated to Lovecraft.

Comics

Main article: Cthulhu Mythos in Popular Culture: Comic Books

Marvel Comics

🔀 see Marvel Comics for more details

Many elements of the Mythos have either been adapted, have suggested or inspired, or were pastiched into Marvel Comics, in Conan, Doctor Strange, and horror series mostly.

  • In 1971, writer Roy Thomas and artist Tom Palmer adapted "Pickman's Model" for the horror anthology Tower of Shadows (#9 Jan. 1971), reprinted in Marvel's Masters of Terror (#2 Sept. 1975).
  • The Thanos Imperative Marvel event and its Many-Angled Ones, including Shuma-Gorath.

DC Comics

  • Batman's Arkham Asylum is the name of the heavily fortified insane asylum located on the outskirts of Gotham City in the various Batman media, notably a graphic novel titled Arkham Asylum: A Serious House on Serious Earth. There are Batman video games known as Batman: Arkham Asylum, Batman: Arkham Origins, Batman: Arkham City, and Batman: Arkham Knight. In the universe, it was run by the Arkham family, namely Amadeus Arkham, giving it its name.
  • Batman: The Doom That Came to Gotham (2000; Mike Mignola) is an Elseworlds story which combines the character Batman with various elements of the Cthulhu mythos, and takes its name from "The Doom that Came to Sarnath".

Dynamite Entertainment

  • Army of Darkness vs. Re-Animator was inspired equally by the film Re-Animator and the Lovecraftian roots of the story, with West as a villain in league with Yog-Sothoth, amongst other Lovecraft references, battling Ash Williams from the Evil Dead film series.
  • Ron Marz adapted "The Shadow over Innsmouth" in 2014.

IDW Publishing

  • In 2011, IDW Publishing began publishing a four-issue limited adaptation of "The Dunwich Horror" by Bram Stoker Award-winning author Joe R. Lansdale and artist Peter Bergting.

Self Made Hero

  • In November 2014, a graphic novel adaptation of Dream-Quest of Unknown Kaddath by I.N.J. Culbard was released by the independent publishing house Self Made Hero.

Alberto Breccia

Alberto Breccia adapted "The Shadow over Innsmouth" in 1973, and "The Nameless City" and"The Dunwhich Horror" in 1974.

John Coulthart

John Coulthart illustrated "The Call of Cthulhu" and "The Haunter of the Dark" in 1988. The former was published in The Starry Wisdom (1994) a Creation books anthology and both were reprinted in H. P. Lovecraft's The Haunter of the Dark. He also started to adapt "The Dunwich Horror" in 1989. The unfinished story was published in 1999.

The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen

The comic book series The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen by Alan Moore and Kevin O'Neill, set in a universe where many characters from popular fiction co-exist, Cthulhu has been referenced, although his name has been spelled "Kutulu", and a character has misheard his name as "cool Lulu".

  • Arkham is mentioned in Allan and the Sundered Veil, The New Traveller's Almanac and The Black Dossier.
  • The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen: Black Dossier Nyarlathotep appears at the end as an emissary sent from Yuggoth to negotiate a truce with Prospero of the Blazing World. An Elder Thing, along with a Mi-go and a Cthulhu cult, appear in the "What Ho, Gods of the Abyss?" section: In it, Bertie Wooster's Aunt Dahlia is possessed by the cult, but are saved by Thomas Carnacki and the other members of the League.

Hellboy, by Mike Mignola

Hellboy and other Mike Mignola's works were also inspired by the Mythos:

  • The "Ogdru Jahad", the antagonists in the Hellboy comic book series, are partially inspired by Lovecraft's "Great Old Ones."

Avatar Press

  • Alan Moore's Yuggoth Cultures And Other Growths (2003)
  • The Courtyard (2003) adapatation of Moore's short story
  • Neonomicon (2010) the plateau of Leng is described as a projection into a higher mathematical space, which makes up the universe as observable by humans
  • Providence (2015-2016) Alan Moore)

Boom! Studios

  • Fall of Cthulhu (2007) A series set in the Mythos.
  • Hexed - The Thief and the Harlot, sequel to Fall of Cthulhu

Manga

  • Ghost Reaper Girl (July 2020) of Shonen Jump+ features many familiar Cthulhoid names.
  • H. P. Lovecraft's the Hound and Other Stories (Gou Tanabe)
  • Haiyore! Nyaruko-san (May 2011) manga adaption illustrated by Kei Okazaki began running in Miracle Jump
  • Haiyore! Super Nyaruko-chan Time (October 2011) illustrated by Sōichirō Hoshino began running in Flex Comic Blood.
  • "Hello Cthulhu" is a webcomic that places Cthulhu, Dagon and the Colour out of Space in the world of the Japanese cartoon character Hello Kitty.
  • Murcielago has several characters and locations whose names reference creatures, locations and concepts from the Cthulhu mythos.[1]
  • Various works by Junji Ito, notably Uzumaki,[2] have Lovecraftian aspects. Ito drew a "Portrait of Lovecraft" and a painting based on The Colour Out of Space, noting his influence over him for respectively part one and two of the Jajingu (邪神宮, lit. Evil Shrine), Portaits of those who whisper in the dark, May 2011 exhibits,[3][4] later collected in The Art of Junji Ito: Twisted Visions artbook.
  • "The Elder Sister-Like One" (姉なるもの Ane Naru Mono?, by Pochi Iida is a manga/doujin series that features Shub-Niggurath as one of the two main characters.

Others

  • "The Shadow From the Abyss" (1972) by artist Larry Todd in Skull Comics #5 (Last Gasp) is an adaptation of the "Shadow out of Time".
  • Several comic book versions of "the Tomb" exist, including The Worlds of H.P. Lovecraft: The Tomb (1992, 1997).
  • From 1997-1999, a five-issue comic book adaptation of Dream-Quest of Unknown Kaddath was drawn by Jason Thompson. In November 2011, Thompson successfully raised money on Kickstarter for the graphic novel The Dream Quest of Unknown Kadath and Other Stories, containing a reprint of his 122-page Kadath story, and three additional stories from the Dreamlands series. The book began shipping in March 2012.
  • Fatale (Ed Brubaker)
  • Richard Corben and Donald Wandrei have adapted The Rats in the Walls
  • Fell (Warren Ellis)
  • Locke & Key (Joe Hill) - A town called Lovecraft, Massachusetts. Demonic Lovecraftian spirits from beyond a buried stone doorway are known as the Children of Leng.
  • Sunless Sea
  • Move Under Ground (2004)
  • Macabre Massachusetts by comic artist Victor Laube contains many references to H. P. Lovecraft's Cthulhu mythos.
  • The Goon
  • In Bruno the Bandit, one of the denizens of the demon world is "Shub-Megawrath", a goat-like blob creature with a thousand children (1001, if you count the croatoan clone of Bruno she created). The character is meant to be another of the Lovecraft references that occasionally pepper the strip.
  • Nyarlathotep is a French comic book by Rotomago and J. Noirel, literal adaptation of the homonymous Lovecrafts' short story.
  • Magic spells in the comic book Conan the Barbarian (which editor?) feature invocations to "Nyarla Thotep".Template:Citation
  • In Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles, Loki summons Nyarlathotep, "tearer of souls, ripper of flesh".
  • Nyarlathotep (also called Priest of the Ether, Chaos Made Flesh, etc.) is a character in the webcomic Friendly Hostility.
  • Ethan Kostabi in the Caballistics, Inc. series has been hinted to be Nyarlathotep.
  • "Unspeakable Vault (of Doom)" (2003), Nyarlathotep regularly appears as what looks like a living tentacle with arms and legs.
  • Nyarlathotp is briefly featured, along with other Great Old Ones, in the dream world the lead characters visit in Roger Zelazny's A Night in the Lonesome October.
  • In Serenity Rose, Skarsdayle is the former lead singer of a band named Nyarlathotep.
  • Nyarlathotep is the true form of Space Hojo, one of the main characters in the webcomic Twisted Kaiju Theater.
  • Herbert West was featured in a story arc in the Hack/Slash comic book series.
  • Nyarlathotep is the primary antagonist of the Lovely Lovecraft web-comic.
  • "Graphic Classics: H.P. Lovecraft" Graphic Classics, Volume 4)
    • The Shadow Out of Time was adapted by cartoonist Matt Howarth in the book and is included in both the first (2002) and second (2007) editions.
  • The Dream Quest of Randolph Carter (2012, Charles Cutting) issue one of a comic adaptation of Dream-Quest of Unknown Kaddath drawn by the Oxford artist was released. In 2015 Sloth Comics released the completed adaptation.
  • In 2012 comics artist I.N.J. Culbard adapted "Charles Dexter Ward" for Akileos.
  • "Afterlife with Archie" (October 2013 - present), is a series which depicts a Cthulhu controlled zombie invasion.
  • "The Shadow Out of Time" (November 2013) was adapted by cartoonist I. N. J. Culbard in a graphic novel of the same name.
  • "The Strange High House in the Mist" is being adapted into a comic by Jason Thompson. It is currently available online, and will later be published in a graphic novel along with four other Lovecraft stories.
  • "Herald: Lovecraft & Tesla", features Lovecraft and Nikola Tesla as main characters.
  • The first Herbert West adaptation in EC's Weird Science in 1950.
  • "Atlas' Adventures" in Weird Worlds #24, references Herbert West: Dr. Karl Veblen creates a "life generator" serum. Hearranged for a co-conspirator to revive him with it after death, but they brought back Cleopatra instead. 
  • "Broken Moon: Legends of the Deep" by Philip Kim, features a risen Cthulhu in post-apocolyptic Nebraska.

Audio

Main article: Cthulhu Mythos in Popular Culture: Audio
  • The radio drama Suspense adapted "The Dunwich Horror". It stars Academy Award winner Ronald Colman as Henry Armitage, and aired originally on November 1, 1945.
  • H. P. Lovecraft (1960s psychedelic rock band)
    • Adapted "The White Ship" into a song in debut album H. P. Lovecraft.
    • 2005 compilation CD Dreams in the Witch House.
  • 1973, Caedmon Audio published a cassette featuring David McCallum reading The Rats in the Wall.
  • Raymond Wilding-White (American composer) created a "The Music of Erich Zann" piece for violin and electronics in 1980. Eugene Gratovich of DePaul University in the role of the university student.
  • Univers Zéro's album Ceux du dehors (1981) includes a track titled "La musique d'Erich Zann". According to drummer and bandleader Daniel Denis, all members read the short story in the studio and promptly improvised the piece.
  • Metallica (thrash metal band)
    • "The Call of Ktulu" on the 1984 album Ride the Lightning
    • "The Thing That Should Not Be" from 1986 Master of Puppets (eg. "crawling chaos")
    • "All Nightmare Long" from 2008 Death Magnetic
    • "Dream no More" from 2016 Hardwired... to Self Destruct.
  • The Atlanta Radio Theatre Company
    • an audio version of "The Call of Cthulhu" at the inaugural Dragon Con in 1987.
    • a radio adaptation of The Rats in the Wall.
    • A radio adaptation of At the Mountains of Madness
  • Mekong Delta (German technical thrash metal band) titled their 1988 second album The Music of Erich Zann
  • Rudimentary Peni (British Anarcho-punk deathrock band)
    • Depiction of Eric Zann on the original cover of their 1988 album Cacophony.
    • reference to Arkham in their song "Arkham Hearse"
    • H. P. Lovecraft references throughout their musical catalogue.
  • "The Call of Cthlhu" was adapted as an audio book by Landfall Productions in 1989 and was narrated by Garrick Hagon.
  • Manilla Road (American heavy metal band) adapted "From Beyond" to a song of the same name featured in their 1990 album The Courts of Chaos.
  • Massacre (American death metal band) released a largely Lovecraft-themed album From Beyond in 1991.
  • Sleep (American stoner doom metal band and Lovecraft-devotees ) included a song "From Beyond" on their classic 1992 album Sleep's Holy Mountain.
  • Payne's Gray (German prog rock band) released a 1995 concept CD based on Dream-Quest: Kadath Decoded.
  • Ningen Isu (Japanese progressive metal band) recorded a song "Dunwich no Kai" (The Dunwich Horror) in their 1998 album Taihai Geijutsu-ten.
  • An 1999 audiobook version of Herbert West is performed by Jeffrey Combs, who played Herbert West in the three film versions.
  • Blue Oyster Cult
    • "The Old Gods Return" from the 2001 album Curse of the Hidden Mirror.
  • Without Face (Hungarian Metal band) has a song called "The Violin of Erich Zann" on the 2002 album Astronomicon.
  • Ryan Adams (Alt-country musician) wrote a song called "Arkham Asylum," which he and The Cardinals have performed live since September 18, 2006.
  • Electric Wizard (Stoner/doom metal band) released a song on their 2007 album, Witchcult Today, entitled "Dunwich", based around the short story. Also, "We Hate You", from their 2000 album, Dopethrone, contains sound clips from the film.
  • XCross released a concept album titled Kadath - The Dream Quest (2007).
  • Sapthuran's EP "The Beast in the Cave" (2007) is based upon the short story.
  • Hemlok (Rhode Island based rock band) has an instrumental entitled "Nyarlathotep" on their debut album Shades of Passing (2008).
  • Forma Tadre (German ambient band) titled their 2008 album The Music of Erich Zann.
  • Septic Flesh (Greek death metal band) references Erich Zann in the song "Lovecraft's Death" on their 2008 album Communion.
  • The H.P. Lovecraft Historical Society
    • Dark Adventure Radio Theatre: At the Mountains of Madness (2006), a 1930s-style radio drama of the story, featuring professional actors, original music and sound effects. It is packaged with photos from the expedition, newspaper clippings and other props.
    • Dark Adventure Radio Theatre: The Dunwich Horror (2008), Whateley's twin is named "Yog Whateley".
    • Dark Adventure Radio Theatre: The Shadow Out of Time (2008)
    • Dark Adventure Radio Theatre: The Shadow Over Innsmouth (2008)
    • Dark Adventure Radio Theatre: The Call of Cthulhu (2012)
    • Dark Adventure Radio Theatre: The Case of Charles Dexter Ward (2013)
    • Dark Adventure Radio Theatre: The Colour Out of Space (2013)
    • Dark Adventure Radio Theatre: Herbert West - Reanimator (2013)
    • Dark Adventure Radio Theatre: The Dreams in the Witch House (2014)
    • Dark Adventure Radio Theatre: Imprisoned with the Pharaohs (2014)
    • Dark Adventure Radio Theatre: The Horror at Red Hook (2015)
    • Dark Adventure Radio Theatre: Dagon - War of Worlds (2015)
    • Dark Adventure Radio Theatre: A Solstice Carol (2015)
    • Dark Adventure Radio Theatre: The White Tree (2016)
    • Dark Adventure Radio Theatre: The Brotherhood of the Beast (2016)
    • Solstice Carol Songbook (1988)
      • "Carol of the Old Ones"
    • A Shoggoth on the Roof (2005)
    • A Very Scary Solstice (2003)
    • An Even Scarier Solstice (2006)
    • Live at the Gilman House (2011)
    • Dreams in the Witch House: A Lovecraftian Rock Opera (2013), a rock opera concept album called based on the work. The project is a Swedish/American collaboration between producers and songwriters Chris Laney, Anders Ringman, and Lennart Östlund and lyricists/book-writers Sean Branney, Mike Dalager and Andrew Leman. The album features Bruce Kulick and Doug Blair on lead guitar on some tracks. From those who have reviewed it, the album has received positive feedback but has not received mainstream attention.
  • Nox Arcana (Dark ambient and Halloween-themed duo)
    • 2009 album Blackthorn Asylum on "From Beyond" with some twists of their own.
    • a song titled "Nyarlathotep".
  • Alexey Voytenko composed "The music of Erich Zann" for violin solo in 2009.
  • 19 Nocturne Boulevard (podcast anthology series by Julie Hoverson)
    • produced a loose audio drama adaptation of the Picture in the House in 2009, as adapted by Julie Hoverson.
    • In October 2011, Julie Hoverson released an adaptation of "The Dunwich Horror" in a 4-part miniseries. Each episode was roughly 30 minutes long.
  • Stuff You Should Know The podcast presented a reading of "The Tomb" for their Halloween podcast in 2010.
  • High On Fire's 2010 song "Frost Hammer" contains the lyric "Plateau of Leng".
  • The Dunwich Horror was adapted into an "audio horror movie" in 2010 by director and writer Colin Edwards with the sound company Savalas. The recording is essentially an audio drama recorded in 5.1 Surround Sound to create a movie without pictures. It premiered at the Filmhouse cinema in Edinburgh on 23 June 2010 as part of the 64th Edinburgh International Film festival. Colin Edwards was in attendance along with cast members Greg Hemphill, Innes Smith and Vivien Taylor and sound designer Kahl Henderson.
  • The Great Old Ones (French Black Metal band): "Al Azif" (2012)
  • January 2012, the Cape Cod based Provincetown Theater announced a reading of a full-length play of the story, entitled HP Lovecraft's The Shadow over Innsmouth, adapted for the stage by Bragan Thomas.
  • Iron Man (Doom metal band) 2013 album South of the Earth contains the song "Half Face/Thy Brother's Keeper (Dunwich Pt. 2"), which is based on the Dunwich Horror.
  • Revocation (American thrash metal band) song "Madness Opus" off their 2014 album Deathless is based of off The Music of Erich Zann.
  • The Order of the Solar Temple's 2014 self-titled album includes a track titled "Jervas Dudley".
  • Demiurg (Swedish death metal band) references The Doom That Came to Sarnath in several tracks : "City of Ib", "Sarnath", and "Opus Morbidity".
  • Bob Drake (Avant-garde rock artist)
    • third album, Medallion Animal Carpet, Bob Drake and a collaborator retell the story of "The Dunwich Horror" under the title "Dunwich Confidential".
    • song, "Kaziah's Pet," is set in Arkham
  • High on Fire (Heavy-metal band) mentions Arkham in a song entitled "The Face of Oblivion" on the album Blessed Black Wings.
  • Common Market (Hip Hop group band) wrote a song called "Escaping Arkham" one of five songs on the album "The Winter's End EP".
  • Ripping Corpse (Death metal band) song "Beyond Humanity" is clearly directly inspired by the Lovecraft story "From Beyond" and the Gordon film.
  • The Magnus Archives
  • Solitude Aeturnus (doom metal band) wrote and played a song on their debut album, Into the Depths of Sorrow, called "White Ship."
  • Mountains of Madness album is a musical adaptation of Lovecraft's stories by Alexander Hacke, Danielle de Picciotto and The Tiger Lillies. There is a song titled "Charles Dexter Ward" that refers to the story.
  • Shub-Niggurath (French band)
  • Eric Zann is a pseudonym of Jim Jupp, who has released an album on the Ghost Box Music record label.
  • French composer Claude Ballif wrote stage music of the name "Erich Zann".
  • Shub-Niggurath (Mexican black/death metal band)
  • Shub-Niggurath is mentioned by the band Morbid Angel in their song "Angel of Disease".
  • Rage (Heavy Metal band)
    • "Lost in the Ice" from the album The Missing Link
    • some songs from the Soundchaser album, especially "Great Old Ones" and "Secrets in a Weird World"
    • "In a nameless time"
    • "The crawling chaos" from Black in Mind. (seemingly about the destruction of the earth by Nyarlathotep)
  • deadmau5 (Electronic Music Producer) has made songs referencing Cthulhu and the sunken city of Ryleh
  • Iced Earth (heavy metal band)
    • "Cthulhu" on its album Plagues of Babylon.
  • Cradle of Filth (extreme metal band)
    • "Cthulhu Dawn", from the album Midian, based on his rising.
    • "Mother of Abominations", from the album Nymphetamine, begins with a mantra "Iä Iä, C'thulhu fhtagn".
  • Cthulu (local Heavy Metal band from Rochester, NY).
  • Black Dahlia Murder (death metal band) has a song inspired by the Call of Cthulhu titled "Thy Horror Cosmic."
  • Deathchain (death metal band)
    • "Cthulhu Rising" closing track of the album Death Gods.
  • Bejelit (Italian heavy metal band)
    • A song titled "Haunter in the Dark," based on the story of the same name, from their Bones and Evil EP.
  • Congress (Belgian metalcore band) has a song intro titled "Nyarlathotep" on their Angry With The Sun album.
  • The band Darkest of the Hillside Thickets take their name from a phrase in "The Tomb" and has a song titled "Nyarlathotep" on their album The Shadow Out of Tim. The songs lyrics are written entirely in Middle Egyptian.
  • The band Dream Theater has a song titled "The Dark Eternal Night" which is adapted from Lovecraft's writing.
  • The band Burning Star Core has a song entitled "Nyarlathotep" on their album The Very Heart of the World.
  • The band Nile has an album titled "Amongst the Catacombs of Nephren-Ka".
  • Flint Glass (Experimental electronic project) has an album titled "Nyarlathotep", all music on this album was inspired by the Cthulhu Mythos.
  • Conan (British Doom Metal band) - The music video for the song "Foehammer" depicts Nyarlathotep.
  • Symphonic deathcore act Lorelei have a song named "The Dunwich Horror".
  • Discordance Axis (Grindcore band) have a song entitled Radiant Arkham
  • The Hound (2015; Stuart Gordon) An adaptation of the short story

Games

Main article: Cthulhu Mythos in Popular Culture: Games

Video Games

  • The Lurking Horror (1987) - free here
  • The Dream-Quest of Unknown Kadath (1988), a videogame adaptation for ZX-Spectrum.
  • Rapurasu no Ma
  • I have no Mouth and I Must Scream - The Necronomicon features in a collection of grimoires in the castle.
  • Castlevania Legacy of Darkness - The title screen is the Necronomicon
  • Alone in the Dark horror series
  • "Call of Cthulhu" series
    • Shadow of the Comet (1993; Interplay) the player investigates the influence a fallen comet has on the town of Illsmouth, inhabited bu Cthulhu cultists. Free here.
    • Call of Cthulhu: Prisoner of Ice (1995; I Motion) The player is a government agent during WWII, thrawting a Nazi plan to raise Great Old Ones as their weapon. At the Mountains of Madness influence. Downloadable here.
  • Necronomicon (1994)
  • Innsmouth no Yakata (インスマウスの館 The Mansion of Innsmouth? was a 1995 3D first-person shooter video game for the Virtual Boy, released in Japan based on Chiaki J. Konaka's 1992 television series Insmus wo Oou Kage. It featured a branching level structure and four possible endings.
  • Anchorhead (1998) Interactive text adventure set in the town of Anchorhead, where the locals have some very odd traditions. Playable here.
  • Necronomicon: The Dawning of Darkness (2001), DreamCatcher Interactive Inc. published videogame adaptation of "Charles Dexter Ward" for the PC (developed by Wanadoo Edition). All the characters' names from the book were changed, as was the ending.
  • Eternal Darkness: Sanity’s Requiem (2002)
  • Call of Cthulhu: Dark Corners of the Earth (2005) An Xbox/PC first-person action-adventure video game. The game places the player in the role of Jack Walters investigating the strange occurrences involving Old Ones cults. The town of Innsmouth is the backdrop, the opening plot of which follows the second, third and fourth chapters of the novella with a great degree of accuracy (with a different protagonist). The protagonist is revealed to have been sired by a Ythian who mind-swapped with his father, and is admitted to the Arkham Mental Institution after seeing Yithian creatures and hence becoming seemingly insane during a raid of a Boston home.. Ichthyosis is the name of a medical condition. Elder Things are referenced but do not appear. Dark Corners of the Earth was supposed to be followed by a now cancelled sequel set in the 2000s, titled Call of Cthulhu: Destiny's End.
  • Sherlock Holmes: The Awakened (2006; Frogwares) - The third game in Frogwares' Sherlock Holmes series.
  • Witcher (2007) - Dagon is a boss in the first game.
    • Witcher 3 A copy of Necronomicon can possibily be found at the main hall of Kaer Morhen. Sometimes the book can be seen in in-game stores.
  • Fallout series
    • Fallout 3 (2008) - A location in the Xbox 360/PS3/PC video game is called "The Dunwich Building." It features a mini-story of a man searching for his father, who is in possession of an "old, bloodstained book made of weird leather", which may be the Necronomicon; the man is found in front of an obelisk under the building, driven insane and turned into a feral ghoul.
      • "Point Lookout" DLC, featured a quest involving a book with a similar purpose as the Necronomicon and an equally strange name, the Krivbeknih, which can be destroyed in the basement of the Dunwich Building.
    • Fallout 4 (2015) A location in the Xbox One/PS4/PC video game is called "Dunwich Borers". It is a mine owned by "Dunwich Borers LLC", and was used as a site for dark rituals and sacrifices. It also includes a sacrificial blade named "Kremvh's Tooth". The Pickman Gallery. The long quest centered around the Cabot House.
  • Final Fantasy series: The Mind Flayer is among the game’s recurring enemies.
    • Final Fantasy Type-0: Various locations in the Dominion of Rubrum are named in homeage to Lovecraft works.
  • Limbo of the Lost - The Simon Necronomicon sigil by Khem Caigan is used in the introduction.
  • Splatterhouse (2010), takes place in a zombie-infested mansion owned by "Dr. Henry West" from Miskatonic, which seem to take their cue from Herbert West. Takes place in the setting of Arkham, Massachusetts. Several pieces of Cthulu grafitti, and a poster for "Hollywood Cthulu: A Live Cthulu Musical", The achievement "Lovecraft Baby" is an obvious reference to the author, a large creature similar to Cthulhu is seen inside a large glass tank. One of Dr. West's false names was "Howard Phillips West". Jennifer mentions a festival called "Shadow Over Arkham", during Jen's sacrifice, Dr. West does a chant with the words cthulhu and shub-niggurath creatures from H.P lovecraft's tales. Dr. Henry West pulls out a hypodermic needle filled with a glowing green liquid like in the film series' reagent, achievement/trophy "Flesh Re-Animated" is a reference to the film's title. One of Rick Taylor's former classmates (who was turned into a Forgotten) was named "Dan" like the Re-Animator movie's "Dan Cain".
  • The Binding of Isaac (2011, Edmund McMillen): One item of the game is the flesh-bound Necronomicon, visibly based on the version from the Evil Dead 2 movie, with some of its missing pages being other items. They are also present in the Rebirth remake/expension.
  • Chaos Code (2011; Arc System) Cthylla is playable in a young girl form, she is described in-game as Cthulhu's daughter and the queen of the sea, her attackas are named:
    • Phantom of Yog-Sothoth
    • The Hound of Tindalos
    • Wind-Walking Ithaqua Upper
    • The Ring of Papaloi
    • Tulzscha
    • Interstellar Flight Hastur
    • Game of Shoggoth
    • Flame of Fire Vampires
    • Shadow of the Dagon
    • The Black Goat's Sabbath
    • Incarnation of Darkness (summons Nyarlathotep)
    • The Call of Great Father
  • Call of Cthulhu: The Wasted Land (2012) Herbert West's narrative in Miskatonic forms part of the plot.
  • Eldritch (2013)
  • Digital Pinball: Necronomicon (Sega Saturn, 1996)
  • Demon's Soul (From software) - Notably the Old One
  • Bloodborne (2015; From software) - Some cut elements such as "Umbasa" in dialogue directly reference Demon's Soul
    • The Hunter's Dream and the Nightmares can be linked to Lovecraft's Dream Cycle
    • The world is influenced by Great Ones, which are similar to the Great Old Ones
    • A boss called Ebrietas has a striking resemblence to Cthulhu (or Cthylla due to it being a female).
    • Madness strikes when human beings are given insight into the horrors of the universe.
    • The Old Hunters DLC has the Fishing Hamlet village for which the lore is basically a rendition of "The Shadow Over Innsmouth".
    • "The Moon Presence" was likely inspired by and modeled after Nyarlathotep.
    • The Brain of Mensis was inspired by Shoggoths.
    • Rom the vacuous spider, besides her face, looks very similar to how Atlach-Nacha is described.
  • Bioshock Infinite Booker Dewitt is from Arkham.
  • Darkest Dungeon (2016)
  • Sundered (2017)
  • Call of Cthulhu: The Official Video Game
  • Deep Black there is a boss called Basatan, which is a crab-like mech.
  • The Last Door - free here
  • The Chzo Mythos - Indie puzzle/horror games set amongst Ben “Yahtzee” Crowshaw’s Chzo Mythos.
  • Clive Barker’s Undying - stop a cursed family from releasing the Undying King
  • Clive Barker’s Jericho
  • Crawl
  • The Evil Within
  • Clockwork Empires
  • Conarium is the sequel to Lovecraft's "At the Mountains of Madness" and thoroughly depicts Elder Things.
  • League of Legends
    • The champion Cho'Gath is named after Shoggoth.
    • An item called "Morellonomicon" is named after both Necronomicon and a Rioter known as Morello.
    • A quote, from a champion named Karthus: "I'm putting your name in my little black necronomicon."
  • The iLovecraft Collection (iClassics Collection) - adapts Dagon, The Hound and The Window (Fungi from Yuggoth)
  • In the new Danganronpa v3, there is a Necronomicon used in one of the chapters as a motive
  • At the Mountains of Madness - Hidden Object Puzzle Adventure game.
  • Blackbay Asylum
  • "The Case of Randolph Carter" is an interactive version of the story with alternate endings of Statement of Randolph Carter. Online here.
  • The Statement of Randolph Carter Free here.
  • Sunless Sea
  • Wait – Extended
  • The Worry of Newport
  • X-COM: Terror from the Deep - The extraterrestrial vessel T’leth try to awaken the Great Dreamer. free here.
  • System Shock 2
  • Team Fortress 2 - a magic book called the bombinomicon refers to the necronomicon
  • They Bleed Pixels
  • Tales from the Void
  • Dishonored - The Outsider
  • The Vanishing of Ethan Carter
  • Doom - In the megawad Strange Aeons, the Spinner in Darkness (Atlach-Nacha) is revealed to be the primary antagonist, tricking the player character into traveling across the Dreamlands to free it from its prison.
  • Alan Wake - The plot revolves around an ancient being that uses the stories of poets and authors to claw its way into reality.
  • War in Heaven
  • Psi-Ops: The Mindgate Conspiracy features "Aura Beasts" that are seen using one of the psychic powers the main protagonist develops called "Aura View". This ability parallels the effects Crawford Tillinghast's device has on the characters in "From Beyond", who perceive creatures from another dimension as a result of using the device.
  • Magrunner: Dark Pulse
  • Shadow Hearts - quadrilogy
    • Necronomicon
    • Lord Dunsany is playable
    • Codex of R'yleh
    • Shadow Hearts: From the New World (2005) Playstation 2 game features a visit to the fictional Arkham University, based in Boston, Massachusetts. H. P. Lovecraft himself appears as a professor at the university, conjuring up demons for the heroes to fight at their request. Shub-Niggurath appears as a boss, though its name is mistranslated as Jeb Niglas.
  • Codename S.T.E.A.M. (3DS) - Randolph Carter appears as a playable character
  • Resident Evil 4
  • Quest for Glory IV: Shadows of Darkness
    • Avoozl is described as a Dark One
  • The Lurking Horror (Infocom)
    • Interactive fiction in which the player investigates weird happenings at G.U.E. University.
  • Urban Dead, there are two suburbs, named Old Arkham and New Arkham. Some players have even started to refer to a specific area as Miskatonic University.
  • Dr Floyd's Desktop Games (Micropose)
  • Call of Duty: Black Ops 3
    • The Zombies map "Shadows of Evil" is large based on Lovecraft's world.
  • Demonbane - a Japanese eroge visual novel series based on the Cthulhu mythos, also adapted as an animated series. Nyarlathotep is the main antagonist trying to free its father Azathoth from the Shining Trapezohedron. It has taken on four named forms so far: Nya, an owner of a mysterious bookstore filled with dangerous grimoires, Nyarla, a maid to Augusta Derleth, Father Ny, the leader of the Church of Starry Wisdom, and the Tick-Tock Man, technology incarnate. It has also taken on the forms of an unnamed black man "from Egypt," and a talking black rat, among others. Its "true" form is depicted as a great shadow filled with fangs and claws and tentacles with three flaming eyes. Reimagines Herbert West as a guitar-playing lunatic mad scientist.
  • Quake
    • Featured Shub-Niggurath as the final boss, and levels such as the Vaults of Zin and The Nameless City. Sandy Peterson was a level designer. The formless spawn appear as adversaries
  • Terraria
    • Many of the bosses in the game are named after some part of Cthulhu's anatomy, e.g. "Eye of Cthulhu", "Brain of Cthulhu".
    • The game's final boss, Moon Lord, resembles common depictions of Cthulhu.
  • Amnesia series (Frictional Games)
    • Amnesia: The Dark Descent - The player encounters deep wells containing invisible monsters known as Kaernk, which hop up and down in the shallow water at the bottom; this recalls the deep wells found in the laboratory of "Charles Dexter Ward", which contained barely-visible monstrosities that hopped up and down at the bottom. The plyer try to solve the mystery without getting murdered or going insane.
    • Amnesia: A Machine for Pigs still deals with madness and forbidden knowledge.
    • Amnesia: Justine - the final gameplay sequenceconsists of a series of passages with cryptic messages scrawled in blood, some of which seem to be allusions to Lovecraft: "The pipers will call for us to dance," "the tattered yellow king shall dethrone," "from beyond it comes," and others.
      • Justine Florbelle's family heirloom is a "star shaped soapstone," remniscent of the star-shaped soapstones found by the expedition team in At the Mountains of Madness.
  • Dead Space series (Visceral Games)
    • The Brethren Moons, introduced in Dead Space 3, are planet- or moon-sized extraterrestrial beings capable of telepathy; this trait, along with their tentacled appearance, recalls various Cthulhu mythos entities.
  • Mass Effect series (Bioware)
    • The main antagonists of the series, the Reapers, are gigantic cephalopod-like machines whose very presence induces mental disturbances in organic beings, in much the same way that many Cthulhu Mythos entities induce insanity in human victims. The Reapers repeatedly describe themselves as being "beyond the comprehension" of mortal beings. They are also known as "The Old Machines," recalling the titles of "Old Ones" and "Elder Things" in the mythos.
    • A recording made by a scientist on a derelict Reaper describes the hulk as "a dead god that still dreams," echoing the phrase, "in his house at R'lyeh dead Cthulhu waits dreaming."
    • Their creators, the enigmatic Leviathans, are similarly Cthulhu-esque in that they resemble squids, and can control or destroy the minds of lesser beings.
  • The Elder Scrolls series (Bethesda Softworks)
    • Oblivion Dagon Main quest
    • Oblivion's quest "A Shadow over Hackdirt" involving Deep Ones
    • Hermaeus Mora, the Daedric Prince of Knowledge and Fate, is depicted as an amorphous floating mass of eyes and tentacles in much like common representations of Yog-Sothoth. His sphere, the keeping of forbidden knowledge, is also much in keeping with Lovecraftian themes of there being knowledge about the universe mankind is not meant to know. His minions, the tentacled Seekers and amphibious Lurkers, are remniscent of Cthulhu and the Deep Ones, respectively.
    • Mehrunes Dagon appears in Daggerfall and later title.
  • Quake series
    • The final boss of Quake, the first game in the series, is named Shub-Niggurath.
  • Half Life
  • The Secret World - the town of Kingsmouth and the Black Goat Woods
  • Euclidean
  • Eversion reportedly inspired by "“Sounds—possibly musical—heard in the night from other worlds or realms of being.”, a quote from H.P. Lovecraft's Commonplace Book- free version here
  • Grim Dawn
  • Haunted Hotel 4 - Charles Dexter Ward adaptation
  • The Hound of Shadow - free here
  • The Moaning Words
  • Necronomicon (Kongregate)
  • Necronomicon: Book of Dead Names
  • The Rapture Is Here And You Will Be Forcibly Removed From Your Home
  • Penumbra: Black Plague
  • Penumbra: Overture
  • Robert D. Anderson and the Legacy of Cthulhu
  • The Secret World
  • Monria
  • Reveal the Deep
  • Nightmare on Azathoth
  • Terraria introduce the Moon Lord boss in its 1.3 update, who has been said by the creator of the game to be Cthulhu's brother.
  • Cthulhu Saves the World (Zeboyd Games) the player plays as Cthulhu himself on a quest to reclaim his power.
  • The Consuming Shadow
  • Sons of Uruzime
  • Shoggoth Rising
  • Shrouded in Sanity
  • World of Warcraft
    • There are beings known as the "Old Gods" evil immortals who corrupted the world of Azeroth in ancient times. Known by name are C'Thun, Yogg-Saron, Y'Shaarj and N'Zoth.
  • Dead by Daylight's lore is Lovecraftian, notably the "Entity"
  • Darkness Within series
    • Darkness Within: In Pursuit of Loath Nolder
    • Darkness Within 2: The Dark Lineage (Iceberg)
  • Deathstate
  • The Dark Stone from Mebara
  • Penny Arcade Adventures: On the Rain-Slick Precipice of Darkness The city of New Arcadia is a spoof of Arkham.
  • Arkham Files (Fantasy Flight Games)
  • Silent Hill game series 
  • Payday 2 has an infamous mask named "Cthulhu", based off the creature of the same name. 
  • Grand Theft Auto V has a mask shop on the beach that sells masks modeled after Cthulhu's head. 
  • PC and console game "Smite" possesses a god named Ah Muzen Cab and he has a possible skin resembling C'thulu.
  • Evolve features two playables monsters: the Kraken and the Elder kraken, that are based on Cthulhu.
  • Arcane 2: The Stone Circle Shub-Niggurath makes an appearance as the main villain in the online PC game.
  • Night in the Woods (PC), an entity known as the "Black Goat" plagues the dreams of the main character, who later encounters a cult dedicated to it and the supposed bottomless pit that it resides in.
  • Persona series of PlayStation games, Nyarlathotep appears as a god symbolic of the destructive potential of Carl Jung's collective unconscious, appearing as Takahisa Kandori's Persona in the first game, and the main antagonist in both parts of the second game. Shoggoths, Wilbur Whateley, Byakhees, Shub Niggurath, Yog Sothoth and Umr-At-Tawil all appear as enemies in Persona 2, while Nodens and Hastur can be obtained as Personae. Tatsuya's scenario features Randolph Carter (as Chandraputra), and a cat from Ulthar as characters, as well as the Silver Key and Trapezohedrons as plot points. Persona 5 Royal features Hastur and Byakhees as enemies/Personae, and Azathoth as the main antagonist's Persona.
  • Shin Megami Tensei (parent series of Persona), features enemies such as Dagon (in Shin Megami Tensei I) Cthulhu, Nyarlathotep and Elder Things (in Shin Megami Tensei II and Shin Megami Tensei If...), and Cthuga, Ithaqua and Azathoth (in Giten Megami Tensei).
  • Discworld Noir "Nylonathatep, the laddering horror" in the game .
  • FreeSpace 2 In the Derelict campaign mod, Nyarlathotep is the designation of a Shivan Lucifer class destroyer which was found floating in subspace for centuries.
  • Sam and Max series (Telltale Games) Nyarlathotep name and title (crawling chaos) is mentioned in "Ice Station Santa," the first episode of season 2 of the adventure games. When attempting to exorcize a demon, Nyarlathotep's name is one of the incorrect guesses of the demon's true name.
  • Nyarlathotep appears in Sundered as the player's guide throughout the story. later on he either becomes one of the bosses or your ally depending on your choices.
  • The Terrible Old Man was released as a short point and click adventure game for Windows and Android in 2015, by Cloak and Dagger Games.
  • Scribblenauts series
  • Forge of Empires has a reference to R'lyeh in at least one (recurring) quest (here [1] )
  • Death Stranding
  • Lovecraft's Untold Stories (Blini Games, 2019) For obvious reasons...
  • World of Horror (2020 early access) - A rogue-like adventure game which reuses imagerie from both Junji Ito's works and the Lovecraft Mythos such as the Simon Necronomicon sigil by Khem Caigan and the King in Yellow symbol or a Cthulhu statuette.
  • South Park: The Fractured but Whole (2017) features Azathoth as one of the end-of-level boss fights.
  • Smite: Features Cthulhu as a playable character

Role-Playing Games

  • Dungeons and Dragons
    • 1st edition game, the original version of the Deities & Demigods book presents Elder Things as one of the example monsters of the Cthulhu Mythos, but are given the name "Primordial Ones".
    • In 5th edition, players who select the warlock class are required to make a deal with a higher entity (referred to as an otherwordly patron) in exchange for their magical power. One option for the patron is a Great Old One, while examples of Great Old Ones include a being named "Great Cthulhu".
    • 5th edition also features a number of monsters with Lovecraftian themes, such as mind flayers and aboleths.
    • Some modules are set in the Mythos, Castle Amber explicitely credits Clark Ashton Smith's oeuvre and takes place in Averoigne
    • Some monsters are credited to be inspired by the Mythos, the liche from Clark Ashton Smith's The Stair in the Crupt is considered an influence although DnD cocreator Gygax credits "The Sword of the Sorcerer" (1969) by Gardner Fox. Gygax claims he based the Mind Flayers are based on a cover of Brian Lumley's The Burrowers Beneath[5] although he seemingly confused it with Lumey's The Caller of the Black.
    • Sandy Petersen's Cthulhu Mythos (5e)
  • Pathfinder: Leng is a demi-plane, or pocket dimension, that exists adjacent to the world of Golarion. It closely resembles the Leng described in The Dream-Quest of Unknown Kadath.
    • Sandy Petersen's Cthulhu Mythos (1e)
  • Call of Cthulhu (1981)
  • Cthulhu Dark
  • Cthulhu Live (1997)
  • Delta Green (1997)
  • Trail of Cthulhu (2008)
  • CthulhuTech (2008)
  • Cthulhu Britannica (2009)
  • Silent Legions (2015)
  • Pax Cthuliana (2017)
  • Cthulhu Wars

Card Games

  • Magic: The Gathering (1993)
    • There are two cards named Library of Leng and Candles of Leng.
    • The mysterious being Marit Lage is depicted similarly to a Lovecraftian being. It is an extremely large, tentacled creature frozen in ice. Players in-game can free it by using mana to thaw the ice.
    • The eldrazi are beings from the spaces between the planes of existence (comparable to universes) that are able to warp reality with an unnatural form of magic. The most powerful eldrazi, known as titans, are comparable to great old ones. They appear in the Zendikar and Battle for Zendikar blocks. They also appear in Eldritch Moon in a slightly different form; rather than entirely alien creatures, in this set they are mutated forms of creatures already found on Innistrad, such as humans, werewolves, and angels; this mutation being the work of the eldrazi titan Emrakul.
  • Mythos: The Beginning (1996)
  • Cthulhu 500 (2004)
  • Call of Cthulhu: The Card Game (2004)
  • Nyaralathotep as the Thing Outside Time and Space in the trading card game Hecatomb.
  • Nyarlathotep as Outer God Nyarla in the trading card game Yu-Gi-Oh.
  • Elder Sign: Omens (2011)
  • Cards of Cthulhu, a deck building game
  • Munchkin has an edition titled "Munchkin Cthulhu" and features many parodies of Lovecraftian inventions.
  • Arkham Horror: The Card Game (2016)

Board Games

  • "Arkham Horror" (1987, 2005, 2018), is a cooperative adventure board-game themed around H.P Lovecraft's Cthulhu Mythos. The game has players exploring the town of Arkham as they attempt to stop unmentionable horrors from spilling into the world.
  • "Cthulhu Wars"
  • "Cthulhu Dice" (2010)
  • "Smash Up" has an expansion centred around the Cthulhu Mythos
  • "Mansions of Madness" (2011)
  • "Eldritch Horror" (2013), is a spiritual successor to Arkham Horror and has players travelling across the globe to fight the Ancient Ones.

Plays

  • "The Rats in the Walls" (2006) Tim Uren adapted the Lovecraft story into a one-man play of the same name which was performed at the 2006 Minnesota Fringe Festival.
  • "The Rats in the Walls" (2007) Dave Walsh adapted and performed the one-man play at Shakespeare by the Sea, Newfoundland Festival.
  • "H. P. Lovecraft's The Dreams in the Witch House" (2008), "The Dreams in the Witch House" was brought to the stage by WildClaw Theatre Company in Chicago, in conjunction with Weird Tales Magazine's 85th anniversary, under the title . It was adapted and directed by WildClaw Artistic Director Charley Sherman.
  • "Dunwich Horror" (2011) the Lovecraft story was adapted by David Dawkins of Ororo Productions for the inaugural London Horror Festival. The production retained a great deal of the language from the original story and was both praised and criticised for this, though reviews were generally positive. The company is working on expanding and remounting the production in 2012.
  • "The Picture In The House" (September 2011), the Cape Cod-based Provincetown Theater Company announced that an adaptation of the Lovecraft story would be performed live onstage at the November 2011 Fall Playwright's Festival in Provincetown, Massachusetts. This is believed to be the first such adaptation of this particular tale.
  • Re-Animator: The Musical (2011; Stuart Gordon)
  • "The Dunwich Horror" (October 2013), The Company (a Yorkshire amateur dramatics society) produced a stage play adaptation of the Lovecraft story at the Drama Studio at the University of Sheffield.

Web Original

  • The Church of the SubGenius parody religion includes some aspects of the Cthulhu Mythos, such as the Elder Gods who are led by Yog-Sothoth.
  • Many concepts, characters and entities in the universe of the SCP Foundation are either inspired or directly adapted from the works of Lovecraft.
    • SCP-701 The Hanged King's Tragedy: (a nod to the King in Yellow) is a cursed play tied to the Hanged King, an enigmatic deity, largely inspired by Hastur.
    • SCP-2264 In the Court of Alagadda: an inter-dimensional city (a nod to Carcosa), which serves as the King's main air.
    • SCP-2662 Cthulhu f'𝐔𝐂𝐊 𝐎𝐅𝐅.
    • SCP-4315-2 S.C.P. Lovecraft.
    • SCP-4501 At The Mountains Of Minty Freshness: An account about the inspiration behind Shoggoths from Lovecraft's stories.
    • SCP-4566 The Mark of Xerrox An account about how Randolph Carter was fictionalised into Lovecraft's stories.
    • SCP-4804 The Pulp Is Fictional: A fictional short story by Lovecraft.
    • SCP-4854 The "Real" Necronomicon and other Godawful Occult Manuscripts: A grimoire supposedly based around Lovecraft's grimoire in his stories.
    • Yaldabaoth The Demiurge: An destructive and involuntary deity of the flesh which "eats" deities and stars, and then "breathes out life". Is a largely inspired by Azathoth.
    • The Ambassador of Alagadda closely resembles Nyarlathotep for his narcissistic attitude and being described as a black humanoid.
    • Jeser seems to be somewhat inspired by Nyarlathotep, with his love of tormenting mortals and his nickname "the prince of many faces", which resembles the "more than a thousand forms" that Nyarlathotep has.
    • The Old Gods were based on the works of Lovecraft, but they correspond to real deities and demons from the mythologies, religions and folklore.
  • The webnovel series Lord of the Mysteries (诡秘之主) written by Cuttlefish That Loves Diving (爱潜水的乌贼) and published in Qidian until the 1st of May 2020 involves the Outer Gods
  • A monument to Azathoth was made in Oklahoma in 2012.
  • A surface on Pluto is officially named the "Cthulhu" macula.
  • It is claimed in "The Cult of Alien Gods: H.P. Lovecraft And Extraterrestrial Pop Culture" that ufology mythos in general are derived from Lovecraft's writings.
  • SMG4's Mario Bloopers: Joe Boopkins is a gigantic sea humanoid which is a combination of Octodad with Cthulhu's head. He is also Fishy's and JubJub's biological father.
  • Creepypasta
    • The Rake is a hideous being, difficult to describe, but usually described as a slim, hunchbacked creature with grayish skin. The purpose of this being is to corrupt the human mind: it begins to visit you daily, tormenting you at bedtime, causing you severe depression and psychosis. In itself, the description of this character speaks for itself of the Lovecraftian influence that falls on him.
    • Slender Man is. Physically, it is very reminiscent of certain Nyarlathotep avatars, due to its elongated profile, its lack of facial features and its tentacles.
      • There is also the Slender Man webseries Dark Harvest, which takes a lot from Lovecraftian lore. Here, the Slender Man is an extra-dimensional entity named Gorr'Rylaehotep, which was invoked into our universe through a gateway opened via a ritual found in some egyptian tablets. It is worshipped by a cult named "The Order", who believe Gorr'Rylaehotep can give them godhood. More info can be found on the Dark Harvest Wiki.
    • Smile.dog is an image that just seeing it leads to loss of sanity. Those who see it begin to be tormented by a dog in their nightmares, to have delusions, seizures and hallucinations. This creepypasta is very similar to the effect that different objects in the Mythos produce.
    • Zalgo is a chaotic entity associated with destruction and madness. It cannot be named or described, and the only descriptions given of it are only metaphors and allegories. It is an entity that just evoking it leads to madness itself. It tells the story that it has seven mouths and with the seventh it will sing the song of the end of the world. It is the one who waits behind the wall. His story itself is very similar to that of Azathoth or Cthulhu. 
      • It should be noted, however, that the original creator claimed Zalgo had nothing to do with Lovecraft (it went as far as that Zalgo could only warp comics and similar kinds of media). It would be later sources and stories, like the "Zalgo Invocation", which would rise Zalgo into the status of a world ending entity more in the line of the Great Old Ones.
  • https://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pmwiki.php/ShoutOut/Murcielago
  • https://www.78magazine.com/issues/03-01/arts/junji.shtml Junji Ito interview]
  • Part One piece at the Vanilla Gallery
  • Part Two piece at the Span Art Gallery
  • https://www.enworld.org/threads/q-a-with-gary-gygax.22566/post-382749