Edgar Allan Poe was an American writer, editor, and literary critic. Poe is best known for his poetry and short stories, particularly his tales of mystery and the macabre. He is widely regarded as a central figure of Romanticism in the United States and of American literature as a whole, and he was one of the country's earliest practitioners of the short story. He is generally considered the inventor of the detective fiction genre and is further credited with contributing to the emerging genre of science fiction. He was the first well-known American writer to earn a living through writing alone, resulting in a financially difficult life and career.
Influence On Lovecraft
H.P. Lovecraft was famously inspired by Poe's morbid literature. In Lovecraft's essays, poems and letters, Poe is mentioned multiple times. Lovecraft wrote “When I write stories, Edgar Allan Poe is my model.” and “But Poe was my God of Fiction.” in his letters to Rheinhart Kleiner.
Shoggoth's cry of "Tekeli-li! Tekeli-li!" from the At the Mountains of Madness is a direct reference Poe's only Novel The Narrative of Arthur Gordon Pym of Nantucket, Where the same Cry is said by the natives and the birds in the end of the novel. Both of these works are also thematically similar.