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This subject contains information from the "Lovecraft Circle" Myth Cycles, and while guided by HPL are not based on his work alone. This subject contains information from the Derleth Cthulhu Mythos, and not based on H.P. Lovecraft's works directly. This subject contains information from the Expanded Cthulhu Mythos, and not based on H.P. Lovecraft's works directly. This subject contains information from the Mythos Adjacent Works, and while share similar themes and features of the Mythos are not based on his work, or generally considered a part of the Mythos proper. 🐙 The Great Old Ones are a group of unique, malignant beings of great power. They reside in various locations on Earth, and once presided over the planet as gods and rulers.


The Great Old Ones are to be distinguished from the more cosmically placed entities such as Azathoth, Nyarlathotep and Yog-Sothoth, and from races such as the Chthonians, the Deep Ones, the Elder Things and the Mi-go. Yet this distinction is unclear at times, in part because the terminology is not always consistent; for instance, Nyarlathotep, despite his marked interest in Earth and its culture, is generally considered to be one of the Outer Gods instead of a Great Old One. On the other hand, Hastur has several avatars and is generally based in outer space, but he is still considered a Great Old One. There are conflicting accounts on what the proper classification for Shub-Niggurath would be.

Very few people dispute that Azathoth and Yog-Sothoth are Outer Gods instead of Great Old Ones, although some accounts make them ancestors of a few Great Old Ones. This has led to the theory that "Great Old One" is the term for everything younger than Cthulhu and Tsaggothua, and "Other God" or "Outer God" to be everything older.

Known Great Old Ones

The Lovecraft Circle Mythos

Derleth Mythos

  • Cthugha (AWD: "The House on Curwen Street", "The Dweller in Darkness", EXP: Elysia, "The Black Mirror")
  • Ithaqua (ADJ: "The Wendigo", AWD: "The Thing that Walked on the Wind", "Ithaqua", EXP: "Born of the Winds", The Clock of Dreams, Spawn of the Winds, In the Moons of Borea)
  • Sho-Gath (AWD: "The God-Box")
  • Zhar and Lloigor (AWD: "The Lair of the Star-spawn", "The Sandwin Compact", EXP: "The Thing in the Pit", "The Sussex Manuscript", "Meet Me on the Other Side")
  • Zvilpogghua (AWD: The Lurker at the Threshold, EXP: Return of the Manitou, "Strange Manuscript Found in the Vermont Woods")

The Expanded Mythos

The Adjacent Mythos

In Popular Culture

  • In the Marvel Multiverse, the Great Old Ones (also known as the "Many-Angled Ones"), are often confused with the Outer Gods (Azotharoth and Yog-Sothoth) and Other Gods (Nyarlathotep) to be classified in the same group. H.P. Lovecraft (Earth-616) wrote about the True Fairies as the Old Ones.
  • The Great Old Ones also appear in the Doctor Who franchise. It must be taken into account that the notion of the Outer Gods doesn't exist in the Whoniverse. Therefore, those that are in the Cthulhu Mythos are listed as Great Old Ones instead. Likewise, the so-called "Elder Gods" in this franchise are the most active Great Old Ones in the universe, often playing cosmic games among themselves.


Main article: Great Old One/Gallery