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This subject contains information from the "Lovecraft Circle" Myth Cycles, and while guided by HPL are not based on his work alone. This subject contains information from the Derleth Cthulhu Mythos, and not based on H.P. Lovecraft's works directly. This subject contains information from the Expanded Cthulhu Mythos, and not based on H.P. Lovecraft's works directly. This subject contains information from the Mythos Adjacent Works, and while share similar themes and features of the Mythos are not based on his work, or generally considered a part of the Mythos proper. 🐙 The Great Old Ones are a group of unique, malignant beings of great power. They reside in various locations on Earth, and once presided over the planet as gods and rulers.

Classification

The Great Old Ones are to be distinguished from the more cosmically placed entities such as Azathoth, Nyarlathotep and Yog-Sothoth, and from races such as the Chthonians, the Deep Ones, the Elder Things and the Mi-go. Yet this distinction is unclear at times, in part because the terminology is not always consistent; for instance, Nyarlathotep, despite his marked interest in Earth and its culture, is generally considered to be one of the Outer Gods instead of a Great Old One. On the other hand, Hastur has several avatars and is generally based in outer space, but he is still considered a Great Old One. There are conflicting accounts on what the proper classification for Shub-Niggurath would be.

Very few people dispute that Azathoth and Yog-Sothoth are Outer Gods instead of Great Old Ones, although some accounts make them ancestors of a few Great Old Ones. This has led to the theory that "Great Old One" is the term for everything younger than Cthulhu and Tsaggothua, and "Other God" or "Outer God" to be everything older.

Known Great Old Ones

The Lovecraft Circle Mythos

Derleth Mythos

  • Cthugha (AWD: "The House on Curwen Street", "The Dweller in Darkness", EXP: Elysia, "The Black Mirror")
  • Ithaqua (ADJ: "The Wendigo", AWD: "The Thing that Walked on the Wind", "Ithaqua", EXP: "Born of the Winds", The Clock of Dreams, Spawn of the Winds, In the Moons of Borea)
  • Sho-Gath (AWD: "The God-Box")
  • Zhar and Lloigor (AWD: "The Lair of the Star-spawn", "The Sandwin Compact", EXP: "The Thing in the Pit", "The Sussex Manuscript", "Meet Me on the Other Side")
  • Zvilpogghua (AWD: The Lurker at the Threshold, EXP: Return of the Manitou, "Strange Manuscript Found in the Vermont Woods")

The Expanded Mythos

  • Abholos (EXP: "Devourers In The Mist (RPG adventure)" Stunning Eldritch Tales: Trail of Cthulhu Adventures)
  • Alala (ADJ: "The White People", EXP: "The Plain of Sound", The Voice Of The Animals (worlds Of Cthulhu))
  • Ammutseba (EXP: Lost Stars, Secrets of Kenya)
  • Amon-Gorloth (EXP: "Les Yeux d'Amon" Casus Belli #101)
  • Aphoom-Zhah (EXP: "The Horror in the Gallery", "The Light from the Pole", "Acolyte of the Flame")
  • Arwassa (EXP: "The Asylum")
  • Ayi'ig (EXP: "A Movement in the Grass")
  • Aylith (EXP: "Twilight Memories (RPG adventure)")
  • Azi Dahaka (EXP: Call of Cthulhu (RPG))
  • Baoht Z'uqqa-mogg (EXP: "Mysterious Manuscripts (RPG supplement)" [Thomas M. K. Stratman] The Unspeakable Oath #3, "This Village Was Made for Us")
  • B'gnu-Thun (EXP: "The Stalker in the Snows", "Correlated Contents")
  • Bugg-Shash (ADJ: "Demoniacal", EXP: "The Kiss of Bugg-Shash", "Elysia", "Rising with Surtsey")
  • Byagoona (EXP: "The Bane of Byagoona")
  • Chor-Tal ((EXP: "Ron Shiflet")
  • Coatlicue (EXP: "The Rattle of Her Smile", "Fiesta for Our Lady")
  • Coinchenn (EXP: "Coinchenn" Strange Aeons #1)
  • Crom Cruach (EXP: "Downward to Darkness", "Worse Things Waiting")
  • Cthaat (EXP: "The Plague of St. James Infirmary", "Dead Leaves Fall")
  • Cthaeghya (EXP: "October Surprise")
  • Cthylla (EXP: The Transition of Titus Crow, "In His Daughter's Darkling Womb", "In the Hall of the Yellow King")
  • Ctoggha (EXP: "The Forgotten God")
  • Cyäegha (EXP: "Darkness, My Name Is", "Sufficient Unto the Days")
  • Cynothoglys (EXP: "Sweet Despise", "The Prodigy of Dreams")
  • D'numl (EXP: Nightmare's Disciple)
  • Dhumin (EXP: "The Burrower From the Bluff")
  • Dygra (EXP: "The Stalker in the Snows", "Correlated Contents")
  • Dythalla (EXP: "Dythalla", "Lord of Lizards", "The Bane of the Byagoona", "The Stalker in the Snows")
  • Dzéwà (EXP: "The Insects from Shaggai", "The Lord of the Jungle (RPG adventure)" Shadow Over Filmland)
  • Eihort (EXP: "The Franklyn Paragraphs", "Before the Storm")
  • Ei'lor (EXP: "Ei'lor", "Correlated Contents", "The Star-Seed", "The Seed from the Stars")
  • Ghadamon (EXP: "Pickman's Student (RPG adventure)", "The Offspring of the Tomb")
  • Gi-Hoveg (EXP: "The Advent of Uvhash", "The Stalker in the Snows", "Correlated Contents", "The Inheritor")
  • Glaaki (EXP: "The Inhabitant of the Lake", "Ghost Lake", "Invocation from Beyond", The Last Revelation of Glaaki)
  • Gleeth (EXP: "Isles of Suhm-Yi", Mad Moon of Dreams)
  • Gog-Hoor (EXP: "A Spectacle of a Man")
  • Golothess (EXP: "You Are Cordially Invited")
  • The Green God (EXP: "The Horror Under Warrendown")
  • Groth-Golka (EXP: "The Fishers from Outside", The Black Drop)
  • Gtuhanai (EXP: "Forces of Change")
  • Gurathnaka (EXP: "Parting the Veil")
  • Gur'la-ya (EXP: "The Skull of Gur-la'ya", "Destiny")
  • Gzxtyos (EXP: "Star Pods")
  • Hastalyk (EXP: Malleus Monstrorum (RPG supplement))
  • H'chtelegoth (EXP: "The Stranger & H'chtelegoth", "Blood Red Moon")
  • Haiogh-Yai (EXP: "The Outsider", "The Stalker in the Snows", "Correlated Contents")
  • Hnarqu (EXP: "Tentacles")
  • Idh-yaa (EXP: "Out of the Ages")
  • Inpesca (EXP: "The Cyprus Shell")
  • Istasha (EXP: "The Star-Seed", "The Stalker in the Snows")
  • Janai'ngo (EXP: "The Thing in the Library")
  • Kaalut (ADJ: "The Horror of the Heights", EXP: "Genuine Article")
  • Kag'Naru (EXP: Challengers of the Unknown #81-87)
  • Kassogtha (EXP: Nightmare's Disciple)
  • Kaunuzoth (EXP: "The Moore Dam Monster")
  • Klosmiebhyx (EXP: "October Surprise")
  • K'nar'st (EXP: "The Portal of K'nar'st")
  • Kthaw'keth
  • Kurpannga (EXP: H. P. Lovecraft's Dreamlands (RPG supplement))
  • Lam (EXP: The Magical Revival, Outer Gateways, Malleus Monstrorum (RPG supplement))
  • Lexur'iga-serr'roth (EXP: "The Brown Tower")
  • Lythalia (EXP: "The Star-Seed", "The Stalker in the Snows")
  • M'basui Gwandu (EXP: "Ngiri's Catch")
  • Mappo No Ryujin (EXP: Secrets of Japan)
  • Miivls (EXP: Nightmare's Disciple)
  • M'nagalah (ADJ: Swamp Thing #8, Challengers of the Unknown, The Trenchcoat Brigade, The All-New Atom, Crisis on Infinite Earth, EXP: "The Tugging", Nightmare's Disciple)
  • Mnomquah (EXP: "The Sorcerer's Book", "Mnomquah", Mad Moon of Dreams)
  • Mortllgh (EXP: Kingdom of the Blind)
  • Nctosa (EXP: Nightmare's Disciple)
  • Nctolhu (EXP: Nightmare's Disciple)
  • Ngirrth'lu (EXP: "The Stalker in the Snows")
  • Northot (EXP: "Night Terrors", "Le Retour de Northot")
  • Nssu-Ghahnb (EXP: tentacules.net)
  • Nycrama (EXP: "Priestess of Nycrama")
  • Ob'mbu (EXP: Nightmare's Disciple)
  • Othuum (EXP: "Rising with Surtsey", "Othuum")
  • Othuyeg (EXP: "Demons in the Flesh", "Solar Pons and the Cthulhu Mythos", "The Seven Cities of Gold", "People of the Monolith: Stone of Death")
  • Perse (EXP: Duma Key)
  • Pharol (EXP: "Shaggai", "Acolyte of the Flame")
  • Poseidon (EXP: "Name and Number")
  • Psuchawrl (EXP: "Out of the Jar")
  • Ptar-Axtlan (EXP: "Confessions in Darkness")
  • Quyagen (EXP: "The Thing in the Library", "The Seven Cities of Gold", "People of the Monolith: Stone of Death" (1997), "Mhu Thulanese Invocation to Abhoth")
  • Q'yth-az (EXP: "An Early Frost")
  • Raandaii-B'nk (EXP: From the Deep and Beyond)
  • Ragnalla (EXP: "Ragnalla", "The Stalker in the Snows", "Correlated Contents")
  • Raphanasuan (EXP: "What Hides and What Returns")
  • Rhagorthua (EXP: The Witch Cycle Part II: A Handful of Dust)
  • Rhogog (EXP: "Sacristans of Rhogog")
  • Rh'Thulla (EXP: Challengers of the Unknown #83)
  • Rokon (EXP: "The Snake-God of Shonhi")
  • Ruhtra Dyoll
  • Rynvyk (EXP: Nightmare's Disciple)
  • Saa'itii (EXP: "The Hog")
  • Scathach (EXP: "October Surprise")
  • Sedmelluq (EXP: Imagon)
  • Set (EXP: Nameless Cults)
  • Shaklatal (EXP: "Utatti Asfet (RPG adventure)")
  • Sheb-Teth (EXP: "Once Men (RPG adventure)")
  • Shlithneth (EXP: "Cthulhu Britannica: Avalon - The County of Somerset (RPG adventure)")
  • Shterot (EXP: Les Années Folles: Investigations dans la France des Années 20 (RPG supplement))
  • Shudde M'ell (EXP: "Cement Surroundings", The Burrowers Beneath, The Transition of Titus Crow, "The Worm of Urakhu", "Big Nasty")
  • Shuy-Nihl (EXP: "Madness in Haiti", "The Stalker in the Snows", "Correlated Contents")
  • S'tya-Yg'Nalle (EXP: "Whiteout")
  • Summanus (EXP: "What Dark God?", "The Fairground Horror")
  • Swarog (EXP: "Jahrhundertsommer (RPG adventure)")
  • T'ith (EXP: Nightmare's Disciple)
  • Tharapithia (EXP: "The Shadow in the Crimson Light")
  • Toth (EXP: "Usurped")
  • Th'rygh (EXP: "Verboten: Operation Faust (RPG supplement)")
  • Tulushuggua (EXP: Sinkhole)
  • Turua (EXP: "Utatti Asfet (RPG adventure)")
  • Uitzilcapac (EXP: "Le Maître des Souffrances (RPG adventure)")
  • Ult (EXP: Nightmare's Disciple)
  • Ut'Ulls-Hr'Her (EXP: Nightmare's Disciple)
  • Vhuzompha (EXP: "The Stalker in the Snows", "Correlated Contents", "Beast of Love")
  • Vibur (EXP: "The Menace From Sumatra")
  • Vile-Oct (EXP: "Chronicles of Nibiru: A Plague of Demons")
  • Vn'Vulot (EXP: Nightmare's Disciple)
  • Volgna-Gath (EXP: "The Stalker in the Snows", "The Sculpture")
  • Voltiyig (EXP: "The Thing in the Library", "Images in Stone")
  • Vthyarilops (EXP: "The Likeness")
  • The Worm that Gnaws in the Night (EXP: "Shaggai")
  • Xalafu (EXP: "The Life And Death Of Zebros Santiago")
  • Xcthol (EXP: "Ravenstone Sanitarium (RPG material)")
  • Xinlurgash (EXP: "The Mysterious Millionaire", "An Ancient Summoning")
  • Xirdneth (EXP: "Dythalla", "The Star-Seed", "The Stalker in the Snows", "The Maker of Illusions")
  • Xitalu (EXP: IZOMBIE #22-28)
  • Xotli (EXP: Conan of the Isles)
  • Xoxiigghua (EXP: "Une Ombre Couleur Sépia (RPG adventure)")
  • Xu'bea (EXP: Nightmare's Disciple)
  • Yamath
  • Yegg-Ha (EXP: "An Item of Supporting Evidence")
  • Y'golonac (EXP: "Cold Print", "Two Minutes on High", "Love's Lonely Children", "No Pain, No Gain", "Plutonic Relationship")
  • Yhagni (EXP: "The Parasite and the Moirommalit")
  • Yhashtur (EXP: "Servants of the Coils")
  • Y'lla (EXP: "Correlated Contents", "The Deep-Lord Awakens")
  • 'Ymnar (EXP: "From the Sea", "He Who Comes at the Noontime")
  • Yog-Sapha (EXP: "The Thing in the Abyss")
  • Yorith (EXP: "The Oldest Dreamer")
  • Ysbaddaden (EXP: "October Surprise")
  • Ythogtha (EXP: "Out of the Ages", The Transition of Titus Crow, "The Thing in the Pit", "Perchance to Dream")
  • Yug-Siturath (EXP: "The Devil In You")
  • Zathog (EXP: The Winds of Zarr, "From Beyond the Stars")
  • Zindarak (EXP: "Doctor Dexter")
  • Zoth-Ommog (EXP: "Out of the Ages", The Transition of Titus Crow, "The Horror in the Gallery")
  • Z'toggua (EXP: "Z'toggua", "Ch'g-Ghral", "Shog-E'yahg")

The Adjacent Mythos

In popular culture

  • In the Marvel Multiverse, the Great Old Ones (also known as the "Many-Angled Ones"), are often confused with the Outer Gods (Azotharoth and Yog-Sothoth) and Other Gods (Nyarlathotep) to be classified in the same group. H.P. Lovecraft (Earth-616) wrote about the True Fairies as the Old Ones.
  • The Great Old Ones appear in the Doctor Who franchise. It must be taken into account that the notion of the Outer Gods doesn't exist in the Whoniverse. Therefore, those that are in the Cthulhu Mythos are listed as Great Old Ones instead. Likewise, the so-called "Elder Gods" in this franchise are the most active Great Old Ones in the universe, often playing cosmic games among themselves.

Gallery

Main article: Great Old One/Gallery
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