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Horror fiction is, broadly, fiction in any medium intended to scare, unsettle, or horrify the audience. Historically, the cause of the "horror" experience has often been the intrusion of an evil —- or, occasionally, misunderstood —- supernatural element into everyday human experience. Since the 1960s, any work of fiction with a morbid, gruesome, surreal, or exceptionally suspenseful or frightening theme has come to be called "horror". Horror fiction often overlaps science fiction or fantasy, all three of which categories are sometimes placed under the umbrella classification speculative fiction.

Horror was Lovecraft's chief writing sphere-also the one of which he was the most influenced-leading to him writing his own sort of "readers guide"-the Supernatural Horror in Literature essay.

Please see for a detailed list of the most influential stories: Works Referenced by Lovecraft as possessing Horror elements .