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This subject contains information from the "Lovecraft Circle" Myth Cycles, and while guided by HPL are not based on his work alone. Owen Gwynned is, along with H. P. Lovecraft, a descendant of Llunwy of Wales.

Behind the Mythos

He most likely is a reference to Owain Gwynedd, a medieval Welsh King.

Lovecraft jokingly introduced him in his 1933 family tree: (HPL: Selected Letters of H. P. Lovecraft 4.617)

                                     Azathoth
                                         /
             ___________________________/__________________________________
            /                          /                                  /
      Nyarlathotep            The Nameless Mist                       Darkness
(The ancient patrician                 /                                  /
gens Viburnia of Haec                 /                                  /
RESPVLICA.ROMANA)                Yog-Sothoth------------+---------Shub-Niggurath
            /                                          /
           /                              ____________/___________________
   L. Viburnius Marco                    /                               /
            /                           Nug                             Yeb
           /                             /                               /
   P. Viburnius Marco                   /                               /
    Legatus of Legio 11.,            Cthulhu*                       Tsathoggua*
    station'd at Isca Silurum,           /                               /
    in Britannia Secunda                /                               /
    in A. D. 103                    Shaurash-ho                        Yabou
            /                           /                               /
           /                           /                               /
          /                     Yogash the Ghoul                 Nush the Eternal
         /                              /                               /
        /                              /                               /
       /                        K'baa the Serpent                Gilles Grenier,
      /                                 /                       Lord of Averoigne
     /              **                 /                                /
 Viburnia-----------+-----------Ghoth the Burrower                     /
                   /        (one of the Little People)        Hippolyte Le Sorcier,
                  /                                             ancestor of
          Llunwy of Wales                                       Clark Ashton Smith
            ancestor of
            Owen Gwynedd
            and of |H.P.L.

* First of their respective lines to inhabit this planet.
** This union was an hellish and nameless tragedy.

References

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