In the Mythos
While Lovecraft's work is often focused on the undead (such as the Hound), vampires themselves are never featured. Other contributors to the Cthulhu Mythos have created creatures named "vampires", such as:
- Star Vampires from "The Shambler from the Stars" by Robert Bloch
- Fire Vampires and their Lord Fthaggua from "The Fire Vampires" by Donald Wandrei
- Nioth-Korghai, the Space Vampire from "The Space Vampires" by Colin Wilson
- Seekers, the Shadow-Vampires from "The Abyss" by Robert A.W. Lowndes
- Mind Parasites, the Mental Vampires from "The Mind Parasites" by Colin Wilson
Chaosium first made vampires part of the Mythos in 2007 when they were added to the Malleus Monstrorum sourcebook, and though supernatural, are neither creations of the Mythos deities, nor are they aligned with them in any way.
Vampires vary in abilities and characteristics, with origins in the various legends and folklore of the world. Such as to whether they cast a reflection, have to return to the soil they were buried, are repelled by the cross or holy water, turning into animals (e.g. wolf or bat) or mist, etc. Examples include vampires that are handsome or beautiful, those without fangs that use razor-sharp fingernails to open veins, flying vampire heads with bloody entrails trailing from the neck, monstrous bald-headed pointed eared pasty-faced rat-fanged vampires, etc. Beings which regenerate any damage but a stake through the heart kills it.
- The True Vampires (or Varnaean Vampires) were created in Atlantis by the Darkholders, from the knowledge of the Darkhold (the dark book of the Elder God Chthon), in the days before the Cataclysm that fell Atlantis and Lemuria. Varnae was the first Vampire. Lilith has been mentioned as part of the ritual that led to the Vampires' creation.
- Long ago before the Cataclysm, ancient "things", horrific beings that had came from the stars, built cities (such as R'llyeh, where they etched their magic knowledge on the walls, and eventually disappeared). After the Cataclysm, awoke from the tremors, and created the Aqueos (sea-dwelling vampiric beings incorrectly mentioned as "Atlantean Vampires"). It was theorized by some that the etched writings on the walls of R'llyeh were the source of all magic of Earth, imperfectly copied in such books as the Darkhold -despite the origin mentioned above-, the Necronomicon -despite accounts of it being derived from the Darkhold-, and the Oracles of Zoroaster, among other mystic scrolls and books.